Share: ... Wichita, Park City Sedgwick County Area Code 316. Wichita has several recognized areas and neighborhoods. Kansas ZIP code map and Kansas ZIP code list. The racial makeup of the city was 71.9% White, 11.5% African American, 4.8% Asian, 1.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 6.2% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. By 1954, all non-military air traffic had shifted to the new Wichita Mid-Continent Airport west of the city. [173], There are more than 35 private and parochial schools in Wichita. [61] BNSF's main line through the city enters from the north, passes through downtown, and exits to the southeast, paralleling highway K-15. Data include demographics, education, employment, housing, hotel, industrial, multifamily, office and retail for all Texas metropolitan statistical areas. The county courthouse is downtown, and most departments of the county government base their operations in the city.[164]. Miner (Wichita State Univ. [222] The City of Wichita's department of Public Works and Utilities manages water provision and distribution, waste water treatment, and storm water drainage. [44][45] Sporting goods and camping gear retailer Coleman started in the city in the early 1900s. Wichita is home to several professional, semi-professional, non-professional, and collegiate sports teams. The damage was not fully repaired until 2007. After it shows WSU has more than 14,000 students and is the third-largest university in Kansas. One third of the bikeways were added between 2011, when the plan was still in development, and 2018. The WSU campus includes two major venues: Eck Stadium, a medium-sized stadium with a full-sized baseball field that is home to the WSU Shocker baseball team, and Charles Koch Arena, a medium-sized, dome-roofed circular arena with a collegiate basketball court that hosts the WSU Shocker basketball team. A second large indoor shopping mall, Towne West Square, has seen all major and many smaller tenants leave and was put into foreclosure in 2019. Wichita suffered severe floods of the Arkansas river in 1877, 1904, 1916, 1923, 1944, 1951 and 1955. [22], In 1868, trader James R. Mead was among a group of investors who established a town company and surveyor Darius Munger built a log structure for the company to serve a hotel, community center, and post office. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.9% were from 25 to 44; 24.9% were from 45 to 64; and 11.5% were 65 years of age or older. [25][28] Across the Arkansas River, the town of Delano became an entertainment destination for cattlemen thanks to its saloons, brothels, and lack of law enforcement. Wichita is also home to McConnell Air Force Base,[15][16] and Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport, the largest airport in Kansas. The three industries employing the largest percentages of the working civilian labor force were educational services, health care, and social assistance (22.3%); manufacturing (19.2%); and retail trade (11.0%). [204], Wichita is the principal city of the Wichita-Hutchinson, Kansas television market, which comprises the western two-thirds of the state. The per capita income for the city was $24,517. Two notable residential areas of Wichita are Riverside and College Hill. [70] The average relative humidity is 80% in the morning and 49% in the evening. [225] The Hospital Corporation of America manages a fourth general hospital, Wesley Medical Center, along with satellite locations around the city. K-254 begins at I-235's interchange with I-135 in north-central Wichita and exits the city to the northeast. [61], According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 163.59 sq mi (423.70 km2), of which 159.29 sq mi (412.56 km2) is land and 4.30 sq mi (11.14 km2) is water. [64] Located on the Great Plains, far from any large moderating influences such as mountains or large bodies of water, Wichita often experiences severe weather with thunderstorms occurring frequently during the spring and summer months. [1] The city became such a center of the industry that the Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce dubbed it the "Air Capital of the World" in 1929. of History). View all zip codes in TX or use the free zip code lookup. Intrust Bank Arena, downtown, is a 15,000-seat multi-purpose arena that is home to the Wichita Thunder. The Coleman Factory Outlet and Museum was at 235 N St. Francis street and was the home of the Coleman Lantern until it closed in 2018. [61][216] The city's flood defenses were tested in the Great Flood of 1993. The average window for freezing temperatures is October 26 through April 11.[70]. Intrust Bank Arena is the city's primary event venue, featuring 22 suites, 2 party suites, 40 loge boxes and over 300 premium seats with a total potential capacity of over 15,000. Carmel High School. [83], Wichita is the principal city of both the Wichita Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and the Wichita-Winfield Combined Statistical Area (CSA). About 12.1% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over. [162] The Wichita Fire Department, organized in 1886, operates 22 stations throughout the city. [218], Westar Energy provides electric power. The annual Wichita Black Arts Festival, held in the spring, celebrates the arts, crafts and creativity of Wichita's large African-American community. [192] As of 2009, its holdings included more than 1.3 million books and 2.2 million items total.[193]. [238][239], Two Class I railroads, BNSF Railway and Union Pacific Railroad (UP), operate freight rail lines through Wichita. [19], Claimed first by France as part of Louisiana and later acquired by the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, it became part of Kansas Territory in 1854 and then the state of Kansas in 1861. [20][21], The Wichita people returned in 1863, driven from their land in Indian Territory by Confederate forces in the American Civil War, and established a settlement on the banks of the Little Arkansas. For representative purposes, the city is divided into six districts with one council member elected from each. Riverside is northwest of downtown, across the Arkansas River, and surrounds the 120-acre (0.49 km2) Riverside Park. Wichita is the principal city of the Wichita metropolitan area which had an estimated population of 644,888 in 2018.. [104] In the 2019 KIDS COUNT Data Book, in its annual "State Rankings on Overall Child Well-Being," Kansas was ranked No. In response, these companies began developing small- and mid-sized airplanes to appeal to business and corporate users. Wichita is a cultural center for Kansas, home to several art museums and performing arts groups. A Juneteenth event and parade also are common annual events. [157] The city council consists of seven members popularly elected every four years with staggered terms in office. [25][28] By the middle of the decade, the cattle trade had moved west to Dodge City. [83], The cost of living in Wichita is below average; compared to a U.S. average of 100, the cost of living index for the city is 84.0. Other old west figures lived in Wichita for a while: James Earp, Cassius M. Hollister, Bat Masterson, Ed Masterson, James Masterson. 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