Despite successive authoritarian governments, Egypt boasts a long tradition of party politics, with left-wing, liberal, and Islamist groups challenging the power of Egypt’s establishment. Egypt issues new data protection law September 28, 2020 by Ghada El Ehwany and Kellie Blyth 3 Mins Read. Updated 4:02 PM EDT, Wed July 10, 2013 Story highlights . Although the President Gamal Abdel Nasser banned all political opposition, in a monopoly of power within the Arab Socialist Union (ASU), his successor, Anwar Sadat . Current Issues in Egypt - Free download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. But, according to Newsweek, "while investing in infrastructure can create jobs and jump-start economic growth, many in Egypt question whether the country can afford Sisi's projects when so many Egyptians are living in poverty.". Army Ousts Egypt’s President; Morsi Decries ‘Complete Military Coup’, By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK, BEN HUBBARD and ALAN COWELL. Egypt’s military moved to seize power from President Mohamed Morsi on Wednesday, deploying forces in Cairo and other cities, restricting his travel and moving to devise an interim government and lay the groundwork for new elections. Share. The Freedom and Justice Party (2011) The Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) is the political party of the Muslim Brotherhood (MB, Jamaat al-Ikhwan al-Muslimin), one of Egypt’s oldest opposition movements. When Britain refused Nuqrashi's demands extensive rioting broke out throughout the country. The Egyptian government in 2019 passed constitutional amendments that were approved in an unfair referendum in April. The fifty years between the Second World War and the nineties in Egypt were colored by a great number of political, social, economic, and cultural changes. Essay about Economic and Political Issues in Egypt. Economic policy will focus initially on mitigating the fallout of the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic, with fiscal consolidation delayed, but reforms will continue as part of an IMF programme. Still, Egypt has made great advances, and may arrive at a true democracy in the coming years. During World War I Britain exercised its power over Egypt and Sudan to further itswar effort without much concern for their populations. Manfreda, Primoz. "Current Situation in Egypt." Civil Democratic Movement: Reform and Development Party [Mohamad Anwar al-SADAT], Socialist Popular Alliance Party, Constitution Party, Justice Party, Egyptian Social Democratic Party [Farid ZAHRAN] , Dignity Party , Freedom Egypt Party , Bread and Freedom Party Deserts occupy most of the country. THE MODERN EGYPTIAN STATE is the product of a historically rooted political culture and of the state-building efforts of its founding leaders, Gamal Abdul Nasser and Anwar as Sadat. He is the author of Egypt: Economic Management in a Period of Transition (1981) and The Egyptian Economy, 1952–2000: Performance, Policies, and Issues (2006). 5 Defenders of such an approach argue that repression is the only way to avoid losing political control and that al-Sisi has been highly successful at stabilizing the country. The country of Egypt is largely separated from its neighbors by either ocean or sparsely populated desert, covering an area of 385,229 square miles. No one knows exactly how many Egyptians like Aboelgheit have fled political persecution. Middle East. August 14, 2020 Articles 0 10 . Ancient Egypt Government Facts and politics, structure, officials, Rules.. On 15 July 2020, Resolution No. The pair also discussed a number of regional issues and agreed to pursue political discussions concerning issues of mutual concern, the statement added. The Lede is following events in Egypt, where its military rulers ousted President Mohamed Morsi on Wednesday and moved to devise an interim government. Egypt has officially entered the “water poverty” era, in which the per capita share is less than 1,000 cubic meters annually. (Photo by Yassine Gaidi/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images) Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry held talks on Saturday with his Spanish counterpart Arancha Gonzalez Laya on bilateral relations and regional issues, and the two signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) for political consultation. Britain raised funds from Egyptby paying for the cotton and animal fodder it needed at prices below their market prices.In effect, this was a taxation of those industries. ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/current-situation-in-egypt-2352941. Brookings reports that the Islamic State rose within the Sinai Peninsula due to the "failure of securitized counterterrorism as a strategy. (2020, August 26). Syria’s longtime Foreign Minister al-Moallem dies age 79. GoodReads Reviews The Political Economy of Reforms in Egypt, 1952-2016 Reviews ... Cheikh Anta Diop is a modern scholar of comparative studies between Egypt and black Africans. Definition and Examples, Decolonization and Resentment During the Suez Crisis, 8 Countries That Had Arab Spring Uprisings, Constitutional Developments in Egypt: The New 2014 Egyptian Constitution, Egypt: National Referendum on Constitutional Amendments Takes Place, TIMEP Brief: 2019 Constitutional Amendments, M.A., Near and Middle Eastern Studies, London University. The Muslim Brotherhood is an Islamist movement that was officially banned in Egypt and was thus unable to operate as a political party. According to Al-Monitor, Egypt's economy is "trapped" in a "vicious cycle of IMF debts." The first and most liberal of these was the 1923 constitution, which was promulgated just after Britain declared Egypt’s independence. Overpopulation and its impact on a range of health issues threaten Egypt’s journey to self-reliance. Egypt - Egypt - Government and society: Egypt has operated under several constitutions, both as a monarchy and, after 1952, as a republic. Egypt un… Egypt’s 2014 Demographic and Health Survey recorded a globally unprecedented 17 percent increase in the country’s total fertility rate since 2008. The political violence that has transformed Sinai into a conflict zone is rooted more in local grievances festering for decades than in ideological motivations. 769 Words 4 Pages. This article is more than 7 years old . Egypt Faces Political Crisis as Severe Energy Issues Can't be Blamed on Muslim Brotherhood. They formed an important part of the governance. The latest breaking news, comment and features from The Independent. Stay on top of Egypt latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/current-situation-in-egypt-2352941. With foreign investment in some sectors of the economy prohibited, regulatory inefficiency, Sisi, and his cash-poor government are trying to prove they can save a sputtering economy with mega projects. While a new democracy has defined post-Mubarak Egypt, the nation is still rife with corruption, poverty and civil unrest. Egypt’s political crisis President Mohamed Morsi and his advisors cannot have expected that his November 22 constitutional declaration would throw Egypt into a renewed state of turmoil. Political news headlines, in-depth politics coverage and political opinion, plus breaking news on Egypt, Africa, MENA region, and world affairs. Live video from Egypt’s ON TV shows Wednesday’s protests. ", Leaders of nongovernmental organizations are being arrested and detained; their assets are being frozen, and they are banned from traveling outside of the country—presumably, so that they don't receive foreign funding to pursue "acts harmful to national interests.". Egypt's everyday problems fester as political turmoil continues. According to Al-Monitor, Egypt's economy is "trapped" in a "vicious cycle of IMF debts.". Definition and Examples, An Overview of Egyptian Geography, History & Modern Politics, What Is Autocracy? News. There is, effectively, no check on the harsh government of Sisi. Manfreda, Primoz. Aon Risk Solutions reports that the "overall terrorism and political violence level for Egypt is very high." Manfreda, Primoz. For example, an aggressive takeover could overthrow a government. English edition 15 December 2017 424 pp. Definition and Examples, What Is a Coup d’Etat? Sri Lanka was in a similar state during a civil war. Take the case of Nasr, the Egyptian multimedia artist. This could lead to riots, looting and general disorder in the environment. Egypt's Economic Accomplishments in the 1980s During the political campaign for the presidency of Egypt and prior to the re-election of Presdient Mubarak for another six-year term, the January 1988 issue of al-Ahram al-Iqtisadi made a detailed list of economic accomplishments and financial reforms undertaken during his firs term. Egypt is politically stable, but there have been many examples of unrest in recent years. She added that the meeting discussed the issue of the course of negotiations on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam between Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan. The current political system was established following the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 and the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak.In the current system, the President is elected for a six-year term, where they are able to appoint up to 5 percent of the parliament. This message of stability sent to the world by Egypt’s successful hosting of this year’s Africa Cup of Nations was even more important than winning the event. Where his creations had tackled social and political issues in oblique and symbolic (though still provocative) ways in the middle of the first decade of the twenty-first century, they now became explicit commentaries on the revolution. It focused on water issues, agricultural issues, hydropower issues and the issue of trust building, for example, between engineers and NGO. What was once a great and powerful empire has started to become a civil war zone. Egypt has been governed by powerful centralized rule since ancient times, when the management of irrigated agriculture gave rise to the pharaohs, absolute god-kings. Search Keywords: Egypt At the end of 1945 the Egyptian Prime Minister, Mahmud Nuqrashi, demanded the removal of British troops from Egyptian territory and a renegotiation of the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936. The main challenger was arrested, prompting other challengers to withdraw their campaign on possible grounds of intimidation. Issue Type. Other amendments expanded the role of the Armed Forces and military courts over the civilian population, seemingly heading the country on a path to a more autocratic rule. Cairo received a loan of some $1.25 billion (among other loans) from the International Monetary Fund in 2016 to support Egypt's economic reform program, but Egypt has not been able to pay all of its external debts. The new warning is a fresh blow to Egypt’s tourism industry, already devastated from the past two years of political uncertainty. Militant Islamic groups, including the Islamic State and Al-Qaeda, operate in the Sinai Peninsula, as do anti-establishment and revolutionary groups such as the Popular Resistance Movement and Harakat Sawaid Masr. The Issue of the Nile between Egypt and Ethiopia . In brief . Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Email. The political legitimacy being granted to the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt via this transition has provided Hamas, an outgrowth of the Muslim Brotherhood, with an opportunity to rebrand itself as a mainstream political operator, one that is just as capable as the Muslim Brotherhood to break out of political isolation in Gaza. Egypt, the most populous country in the Arab world, claims one of the world’s oldest cultures, descending from an ancient civilization that emerged in the 10th millennium BCE. Although officials are playing along in order to maintain good ties with Saudi Arabia, they seem convinced that Qatar will exploit the new agreement in ways that harm Cairo's political and security interests at home. A Hydrological History of the Nile The renowned Greek historian of the 4th Century B.C. Although protesters in Egypt focused most of their anger on domestic issues such as poverty and government oppression, many observers noted that political change in Egypt could impact the country’s foreign affairs, affecting long-standing policies. Egypt Asserts That Water Crisis Is a Political Priority Asharq Al-awsat 11:04 UK Export Finance unlocks trade to Egypt and supports UK jobs with £1.7bn guarantee ciltuk.org.uk 10:24 Egypt briefs African ambassadors on preparations for Aswan Forum II Ahram Online 10:05 Long known for its ancient civilisation, Egypt is the largest Arab country and has played a central role in Middle Eastern politics in modern times. Mohamed Salman, professor of political science at Cairo University, is an expert on the Nile Basin. A new constitution was enacted in January 2014. Egypt, the most populous country in the Arab world, claims one of the world’s oldest cultures, descending from an ancient civilization that emerged in the 10th millennium BCE. What are the factors that have facilitated or inhibited its performance? Politics in Egypt and the Middle East in general became turbulent after the end of World War II. This cruc. The Egyptian president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, can't afford the political consequences of the potential dramatic drop of Egypt's water supplies if the dam's matter is not resolved. Inflation, food shortages, soaring prices, cuts to energy subsidies have all harmed the general population. After several years of debate, the Egyptian government has introduced the Republic’s first standalone data protection law, which aims to regulate and protect citizens’ data online. In 1959 Egypt and Sudan made an agreement that allowed Egypt to have 70% of the Nile's water flow while Sudan had 30 percent. Data from the World Bank shows an increase in emigres from Egypt … ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. In addition, various pressure groups connected to the old Mubarak regime continue to wield considerable influence from the background, trying to preserve their political and business interests. Politics 45 SCOTUS Congress Facts First 2020 Election ... 8 issues Egypt is facing. Herodotus observed that Egypt was a gift of the Nile which holds true to this very time. These disrupt business operations. It includes a fairly detailed description of the issue of who controls the Nile's waters, conflict bewteen the Coptic Christians and the Muslims, and information on Egypt's next election. This is a paper on the issues in Egypt during the spring of 2010. Political and security situation. Arabic press review: Egypt pledges to release hundreds of political prisoners Policewomen outside the entrance to al-Qanatir women's prison in the Qalyoubiya province, 30km north of Cairo (AFP) By By using ThoughtCo, you accept our. Also, political discontent within the government is likely to grow, "increasing the risk of sporadic, and potentially more sustained, protest activity," reports Aon Risk Solutions. The construction of the dam will affect Sudan and Egypt's political relations with Ethiopia. "Current Situation in Egypt." Egypt Endorses Gulf Reconciliation But Remains Skeptical. They created the Pyramids and one of the first recorded libraries. 20 Excel charts 15X23cm ISBN 9789774167942 For sale worldwide $ 49.95. By Rachel Williamson. Executive and legislative power is divided between the military and an interim administration hand-picked by the generals after the overthrow of Mohammed Morsi's government in July 2013. When Britai… Egypt has been a republic since King Farouk was overthrown by the Free Officers Movement in 1952. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi took power after the July 2013 coup that led to the removal of President Mohammad Morsi. Since July 2013, Egyptian criminal courts have sentenced hundreds of people to death in cases stemming from alleged political violence. Brief Analysis. The political upheavals in Egypt are being watched closely around the Middle East, and in particular by its neighbours Israel and the Palestinian Islamist organisation Hamas. Access the latest politics analysis and economic growth summary through 2011 for Egypt from The Economist Intelligence Unit Had such grievances been meaningfully addressed by past Egyptian regimes, as well as their Western allies, the violence debilitating the peninsula arguably could have been prevented.". Meanwhile, the International Monetary Fund has a … Public criticism of the country is banned, and according to Human Rights Watch, "Members of the security forces, particularly the Interior Ministry’s National Security Agency, continued to routinely torture detainees and forcibly disappeared hundreds of people with little or no accountability for violations of the law. Definition and Examples, What Is an Embargo? Current Political Context Egypt’s presidential elections of March 2018 posed little challenge to incumbent Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi being re-elected with 97% of votes, after all serious opposition contenders halted their campaign two months before the election. ThoughtCo. The National Council for Human Rights reports that inmates in Cairo's infamous Scorpion Prison suffer abuses "at the hands of Interior Ministry officers, including beatings, forced feedings, deprivation of contact with relatives and lawyers, and interference in medical care. In Egypt, there are 8 different active political alliances based on their religious and political orientation. Egypt has only a limited democracy, where elections allow only some political parites, and the elections have proven to allow few changes from pre-democratic times. Egypt's teeming cities - and almost all agricultural activity - are concentrated along the banks of the Nile, and on the river's delta. Cairo’s Concerns About a Biden Presidency Egyptian leaders fear that his administration will openly confront them on human rights and enable an Islamist resurgence, but the outlook is brighter for engagement on Turkey, Israel, and other issues. So here are eight issues about which Egyptians are upset. The negative points is that it does not address the gap between the rate of development in the Nile Basin countries. Nov 18, 2020 Nigeria Political Issues: Overview, Causes and Solutions. Freedom House cites "corruption, mismanagement, political unrest and terrorism" as reasons for Egypt's severe economic issues. What are the long-term structural features of the Egyptian economy? He said he was also going to highlight the cases of female political prisoners in Egypt, including Aisha al-Shater, the daughter of Muslim Brotherhood leader, Khairat el … Authoritarian weaknesses and the pandemic. Egypt and Syria faced disturbances too. Egypt has been in a state of unease since Egypt's former President Hosni Mubarak was toppled during the Arab Spring uprising in 2011. Inflation, food shortages, soaring prices, cuts to energy subsidies have all harmed the general population. The Blue Nile nourished the desert along its banks with decomposed basalt, rich alluvial soil and salts from millennia converting it into rich farming ribbon. Opposition continues, and with no consensus on the exact relationship between key state institutions, Egypt continues its long struggle for power involving the military and civilian politicians. Mitigation of Risk. Primoz Manfreda is a researcher and political risk analyst who covers political and economic trends in the Middle East. On April 22, 2019, Egyptians cast their votes on the latest amendments, that include extending the presidential term of office from four to six years, and increasing the current president's term, assuring that Sisi will remain in office until 2030. What Is Totalitarianism? His authoritarian manner of rule has not helped the country's already abysmal human rights record. restored some competition in the political arena, through introducting a new Constitution in 1971. ", Political opposition is practically nonexistent, and civil society activists can face prosecution, and possibly imprisonment. Tag Archives: Political issues. The political upheavals in Egypt are being watched closely around the Middle East, and in particular by its neighbours Israel and the Palestinian Islamist organisation Hamas. With regard to the Libyan issue, he said that Egypt seeks a political settlement in Libya and rejects foreign military intervention in the conflict-stricken neighboring country. Secular political parties and ultra-conservative Salafi groups are trying to block the ascendancy of the Muslim Brotherhood, while various pro-democracy activist groups keep pressing for radical change promised in the early days of the anti-Mubarak uprising. They were given specialised tasks and were responsible for completing them honestly. The good points are that it didn’t focus only on the water issue. Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry. In … Following the Coup in 1952, the Egyptian nation became a symbol for the decolonization movement and Third Worldism. These officials too were appointed by the pharaoh and also reported to him directly. Egypt police ‘using dating apps’ to find and imprison LGBT+ people. Cairo and other Egyptian cities see huge rallies for and against President Morsi a year after he took power, with five people killed in violence. Current Situation in Egypt. Egypt unrest: Ramadan begins and the military asks for trust The context can be confusing to outsiders. Whether Egypt can hold back discontent over soaring prices and economic woes remains to be seen. Egyptians protest the decision of the Supreme Constitutional Court to disolve parliament, June 14 2012. As East Africa faces a triple crisis from COVID-19, floods, and locusts, cutting U.S. aid to the Ethiopian government is not the solution. Political Issues In Egypt. Domestic … While Egypt has had hard times in the past, they recovered from them, the civil war that they are in right now will be harder to recover from once it’s over. For many Egyptians concerned with unemployment, red … The Political Economy of Reforms in Egypt Issues and Policymaking since 1952 Khalid Ikram. At the end of January, the nine countries that contain the Nile River, otherwise known as the Nile Basin countries, will meet in Sharm el-Shiekh for what is supposed to be a final round of negotiations on reaching a long term settlement on the use of the Nile. The politics of Egypt are based on republicanism, with a semi-presidential system of government. Some scholars have seen even larger links between Egypt’s stable, centralized Egyptian politics and its fascination with an orderly death, including massive funeral monuments and preservation through mummification. In February, the European Parliament adopted a strongly-worded resolution against Egypt’s use of death penalty, which also criticized the country’s crackdown on human rights. 838 Words 4 Pages. 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