Aftermath of the August 6, 1945 Atomic Bomb blast in Hiroshima, 1946. Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Japanese surrender document aboard USS Missouri (BB-63) in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945.jpg 1,181 × 652; 432 KB Japanese Surrender at Tokyo Bay, 2 September 1945 A30426.jpg 2,345 × 1,772; 1.19 MB Surrender Document 7th September 1945: President Harry S Truman (1884 - 1972), holding up the official Japanese document of surrender with Emperor Hirohito's signature at a White House meeting. The Japanese surrender. share. save hide report. The date is sometimes known as Victory over Japan Day, although that designation more frequently refers to the date of Emperor Hirohito's Gyokuon-hōsō (Imperial Rescript of Surrender), the radio broadcast announcement of the acceptance of the terms of the Potsdam Declaration at noon Japan Standard Time on August 15. Great for history buff or history teacher! General MacArthur , signs the Japanese surrender document, on board the USS Missouri in Tokyo Harbour. Japanese Surrender Documents of World War 2 (1945) Following the Atomic bombings at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrendered to the forces of the United Nations, led by the United States. Thank you for your patience. We hope to have this fixed soon. (3) JAPANESE ACCEPTANCE OF POTSDAM DECLARTION. So there was nothing special about them. We aim to have all comments reviewed in a timely manner. Following this, the U.K., U.S., China, Soviet, USSR, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the Netherlands also signed the document, which made official the surrender and ended the war with Japan. When signing the Japanese copy, Col. Cosgrave – perhaps owing to blindness in one eye – placed his scrawl below the line reserved for the Canadian signature and instead signed on the line of the French representative. It was the bloodiest conflict, as well as the largest war, in history. The only special flag that was there was a flag which Commodore Perry had flown on his ship out in that same location 82 years before [sic: the actual number of years was 92]. General Yoshijirō Umezu, Chief of the Army General Staff, then signed the document "By Command and on behalf of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters" (9:06 am). READ MORE: What V-E Day Looked Like Around the World The main concern of … General MacArthur (1880 - 1964), signs the Japanese surrender document, on board the USS Missouri in Tokyo Harbour. [2] The original flag is still on display at the Naval Academy Museum, as is the table and tablecloth upon which the instrument of surrender was signed, and the original bronze plaque marking the location of the signing (which was replaced by two replicas in 1990). A replica of this historic flag can be seen today on the Surrender Deck of the Battleship Missouri Memorial in Pearl Harbor. By the summer of 1945, the defeat of Japan was ... traveling across the country to disseminate publications explaining what the document meant for Japanese citizens. Skip to comments. It is recognized that this document does not deal with all matters relating to the occupation of Japan requiring policy determinations. General Yoshijirō Umezu, Chief of the Army General Staff, then signed the document "By Command and on behalf of the Japanese Imperial General … After a successful test of the weapon, Truman issued the Potsdam Declaration demanding the unconditional surrender of the Japanese government, warning of “prompt and utter destruction.” Eleven days later, on August 6, 1945, having received no reply, an American bomber called the Enola Gay left the Tinian Island in route toward Japan. On the 13 September Captain Hisayuki Soeda, in command of Japanese forces on Nauru, and five staff officers surrendered their swords to Brigadier Stevenson who read the terms of surrender and had them translated into Japanese. We turned them both into the Naval Academy Museum when we got back to the East Coast in October. Stars in the upper left of a flag displayed on the right side of the object would make the flag look like it was going away from battle. This article was published more than 5 years ago. If you are looking to give feedback on our new site, please send it along to, To view this site properly, enable cookies in your browser. On this day, the Japanese surrender ceremony was held aboard the USS Missouri, a US Navy battleship. The instrument was first signed by the Japanese foreign minister Mamoru Shigemitsu "By Command and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese Government" (9:04 am). This was because American flags on the right of an object plane, ship, or person have the stars on the upper right corner, to look like the flag is heading into battle—as if attached to a pole and someone is carrying it. OC. On September 2, 1945, the Japanese representatives signed the official Instrument of Surrender, prepared by the War Department and approved by President Truman. PRIMARY DOCUMENT: The Yalta Conference, Feb. 1945 ASSUMPTION OF POWER BY DOENITZ, MAY 1, 1945 The Berlin (Potsdam) Conference, July 17-August 2, 1945 German Surrender Documents of WWII PRIMARY DOCUMENTS: Japanese Surrender Documents The Japanese Surrender Document Emperor Hirohito's Receipt of the Surrender Gen. MacArthur's staff headed by Col. LeGrande A. Diller were tasked to prepare the draft of the Instrument of Surrender. This was a challenge given resources were limited in war-torn Manila. Tanaka signs surrender document while Vice Admiral Fujita waits his turn, Government House, September 15,1945. Amongst those standing behind are Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainright and the British Lieutenant General A E Percival who had surrendered to the Japanese … Non-subscribers can read and sort comments but will not be able to engage with them in any way. The Japanese surrendered to General Douglas MacArthur on board an American battleship, Missouri, at Tokyo Bay at 9 am on 2 September 1945 – officially ending WWII. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff. e, acting by command of and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, hereby accept the provisions set forth in the declaration issued by the heads of the Governments of the United States, China, and Great Britain on 26 July 1945 at Potsdam, and subsequently adhered to by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which … It set out in eight short paragraphs the complete capitulation of Japan. A commonly heard story is that one of the flags had flown over the White House on the day Pearl Harbor was attacked. MacArthur was a direct descendant of the New England Perry family and cousin of Commodore Matthew Perry. It was a quirky end to an otherwise dark chapter of human history. Excellent condition. 914 comments. FOR SALE - Chicago, IL ... "Advertisements Japanese Instrument of Surrender, 1945 Document 18" x 20" printed on vellum. 351 King Street East, Suite 1600, Toronto, ON Canada, M5A 0N1, Just $1.99 per week for the first 24 weeks, var select={root:".js-sub-pencil",control:".js-sub-pencil-control",open:"o-sub-pencil--open",closed:"o-sub-pencil--closed"},dom={},allowExpand=!0;function pencilInit(o){var e=arguments.length>1&&void 0!==arguments[1]&&arguments[1];select.root=o,dom.root=document.querySelector(select.root),dom.root&&(dom.control=document.querySelector(select.control),dom.control.addEventListener("click",onToggleClicked),setPanelState(e),window.addEventListener("scroll",onWindowScroll),dom.root.removeAttribute("hidden"))}function isPanelOpen(){return dom.root.classList.contains(select.open)}function setPanelState(o){dom.root.classList[o?"add":"remove"](select.open),dom.root.classList[o? We put this hanging over the door of my cabin, facing forward, on the surrender deck so that everyone on the surrender deck could see it.[16]. One 2 September 1945 : 2 May 2002: Emperor Hirohito's Surrender Rescript to Japanese Troops 21 August 1945 : 2 May 2002: Memorandum of General Ho Ying-chin 21 August 1945 : 2 May 2002 The document was signed by the Japanese and Brigadier Stevenson who accepted it on behalf of the Commonwealth of Australia. It was flown out in its glass case from the Naval Academy Museum. Amongst those standing behind are Lieutenant... World War II, Atomic bomb mushroom clouds over Hiroshima and Nagasaki , August 1945, Japan. That means: If you do not see your comment posted immediately, it is being reviewed by the moderation team and may appear shortly, generally within an hour. Asking $20 or best offer. © Copyright 2021 The Globe and Mail Inc. All rights reserved. Signatures from Allied countries, including the United States, China, Britain, and the Soviet Union ¨C the four great powers signing the Potsdam Declaration, joined names from Australia, Canada, France, the Netherlands, and New Zealand on the Japanese surrender document. Aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, Japan formally surrenders to the Allies, bringing an end to World War II. FILE - In this Sept. 2, 1945, file photo, U.S. General Douglas MacArthur, left, watches as the foreign minister Manoru Shigemitsu of Japan signs the surrender document aboard the USS Missouri on Tokyo Bay. On August 14 the Japanese in their turn agreed to this proviso. The Allied copy of the document, it should be noted, was signed without incident. Excellent condition. (2) OFFER OF SURRENDER FROM JAPANESE GOVERNMENT. Ships of U.S. Third Fleet and British Pacific Fleet in Sagami Wan, 28 August 1945, preparing for the formal Japanese surrender. Lt. Gen. Tanaka signs surrender document while Vice Admiral Fujita waits his turn, Government House. It was just a plain ordinary GI-issue flag and a Union Jack. This is a chargeable miscellaneous passport service and can be availed after applying for Surrender Certificate through Passport Seva Website (www.passportindia.gov.in), and later visiting the Passport Office with the required documents. The only problem? Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. All allied powers were present along with the Japanese representatives. If you renounce your Canadian citizenship, you lose all the rights and privileges of being a Canadian citizen and will have no status in Canada. Background music is "With Honour Crowned". Two weeks later, on 12 September 1945 at 11.10 am, local time, another Japanese surrender ceremony was held at the Municipal Building of Singapore (now known as City Hall), which was accepted by Lord Louis Mountbatten. 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